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Re: Bold Italics


From: Chagnon | PubCom
Date: Sep 26, 2012 2:39PM

I'm the original poster, so let me explain the situation my client is in.

An entire phrase will be in bold to emphasize it from the rest of the body
text and it will use the <strong> character style in MS Word.
Within the phrase is a book title that grammatically needs to be in

However, when we apply <emphasis> to the book title that already has
<strong> applied (this is Word styles, not HTML code), the <strong> is
removed for the book title and only <emphasis> is left. With Word styles,
it's either / or: either <strong> or <emphasis>, not both.

This might not be a problem for screen readers because they'll use voice #1
for the first part with <strong>, voice #2 for the <emphasis> book title,
and revert back to voice #1 for the rest of the <strong> text and the user
will hear the difference between the 3 sections/

But this content is not just for accessibility: the same content is being
used for print publishing, web publishing, and a centralized XML-based
database. The book title needs to have both <strong> and <emphasis> applied
in Word (which is where the content is created), not either <strong> or

So to rephrase my original question:
Is there a defined tag for both <strong> + <emphasis> that is compliant with
WCAG 2.0? If so, does it have a matching character style in Word?

This doesn't look hopeful, given that screen readers don't even address
regular <strong> and <emphasis> very well!

- Bevi Chagnon

- PubCom.com - Trainers, Consultants, Designers, and Developers.
- Print, Web, Acrobat, XML, eBooks, and U.S. Federal Section 508
- It's our 31st year!

-----Original Message-----
[mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On Behalf Of David Ashleydale
Sent: Wednesday, September 26, 2012 4:01 PM
To: WebAIM Discussion List
Subject: Re: [WebAIM] Bold Italics

... As to the original poster's question, I don't see why a certain word or
phrase would need to be doubly emphasized with both italics and bold. The
only case where I could see doing this would be if I were going for a
particular visual style that had nothing to do with semantics. For example,
I might want to emphasize the letter "I" in a sentence using italics, but
because it's such a small character, maybe I would consider bolding it, too,
just to make it stand out more, visually.

David Ashleydale