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Re: Video Transcript Question (Bump)

for

From: John Foliot
Date: Nov 22, 2014 11:58AM


Hi Lisa,



Overall, I agree with Karl's recommendation, while at the same time pointing
out a few things (that hopefully others might learn from too):



1) Providing a transcript is more than a "nice to have" (in case others
might start thinking that) - it is in fact often a requirement for WCAG AA
Compliance:



1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded): An
alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded
video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a
media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. (Level A)



...where the transcript is the 'alternative' to the audio-description. (The
audio description piece of course being a AA requirement:

1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded): Audio description is provided
for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. (Level AA))







2) You mentioned having a transcript in Word. While obviously we want to
avoid formats that may introduce their own issues (i.e. user does not have
MS Office), there are examples of .rtf and .pdf transcripts that are
provided for download, which technically meet the WCAG Requirement, so
providing the transcript in an alternative format is not forbidden.



However, as always, HTML is the preferred format for interoperability.
Semantically structured HTML (aka POSH - Plain Old Semantic HTML) is still
the best :) Karl's suggestion of using <h>headings is one that I would also
recommend, although depending on the content I might also look at the
viability of definition lists:

<dl>
<dt>Question 1</dt>

<dd>Response to question 1</dd>

<dt>Question 2</dt>

<dd>Response to question 2</dd>

<dt>Question 3</dt>

<dd>Response to question 3</dd>

</dl>



3) Currently HTML5 lacks a programmatic way of *directly linking* a
transcript to a video, which can be problematic, especially if a web page
contains more than one video.



While this is a known issue (and it is being worked on now), I highly
recommend that the link text for your transcript be well labeled; i.e. avoid
this:

<a href="">transcript</a>



.in favor of either:



<a href="">Transcript for the XYZ Video</a> [explicit, clear link text]

or

<a href="" aria-label="Transcript for the XYZ Video ">transcript</a>



.although the second solution is only viable for users with Assistive
Technology.





FWIW.



JF

------------------------------

John Foliot
Web Accessibility Specialist
W3C Invited Expert - Accessibility

Co-Founder, Open Web Camp











> -----Original Message-----

> From: <EMAIL REMOVED> [mailto:webaim-forum-

> <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On Behalf Of L Snider

> Sent: Saturday, November 22, 2014 10:20 AM

> To: WebAIM Discussion List

> Subject: Re: [WebAIM] Video Transcript Question (Bump)

>

> Hi Karl,

>

> Thanks so much. That is how I was thinking of approaching it, with

> headings, so that a screen reader user could list them and go to a

> particular one. Oh and this transcript will be made accessible for

> people with all disabilities, but it was the screen reader part that I

> was trying to work out-and headings are great!

>

> Thanks again, appreciate it!

>

> Cheers

>

> Lisa

>

> On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 7:10 AM, Karl Groves <
<mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> > <EMAIL REMOVED> >

> wrote:

>

> > Lisa,

> >

> > You should treat the transcript like any other content, really.

> > Without knowing the exact nature of the videos, it is hard to

> > recommend an exact structure. For instance, you mention that the

> text

> > is "...just Q and A over and over again". Based on that description,

> > it might make sense for each question to be a heading, under which is

> > the answer, like so:

> >

> > <h2>Question: ______</h2>

> > <p>text of answer</p>

> >

> > Another idea, especially if the interview is well structured, might

> be

> > something like:

> >

> > <h2>Topic: (time-start to time-end)</h2>

> > <h3>Question: ______</h3>

> > <p>text of answer</p>

> >

> >

> > Keep in mind the audiences of a transcript: They may be people who

> are

> > hard of hearing, obviously, but might also be screen reader users or

> > even users who have cognitive impairments. A well-structured

> > transcript can help all of those users. For users who are not

> visually

> > impaired it might even make sense to include images, such as screen

> > captures of the interview, especially if visual aids exist in the

> > video.

> >

> >

> > On Wed, Nov 19, 2014 at 1:58 PM, L Snider < <mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> >
<EMAIL REMOVED> > wrote:

> > > Hi All,

> > >

> > > I am trying this one again, as I was having some major email issues

> > > when

> > I

> > > sent this the first time!

> > >

> > > For videos, I provide CC or open captioning, but I also like to

> > > include a text transcript of the content as well. The content of

> the

> > > videos is usually interviews, so there are a lot of questions and

> > > answers, and sometimes multiple people talking.

> > >

> > > I have done a lot of research and have not yet found a source that

> > > talks about the best way to make that text transcript accessible

> > > (other than to have one-which I have always done).

> > >

> > > For example, the documents would be created in Word and would

> > > usually

> > only

> > > have a couple of headings at the top, but the rest of the text

> would

> > > just be Q and A over and over again...Does anyone have a good

> > > example of an accessible text transcript or an online source that

> > > talks about this

> > aspect?

> > >

> > > Thanks in advance,

> > >

> > > Lisa

> > >
> > > http://list.webaim.org/ Address

> > > list messages to <mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> >
<EMAIL REMOVED>

> >

> >

> >

> > --

> >

> > Karl Groves

> > <http://www.karlgroves.com>; www.karlgroves.com

> > @karlgroves

> > <http://www.linkedin.com/in/karlgroves>;
http://www.linkedin.com/in/karlgroves

> > Phone: +1 410.541.6829

> >

> > Modern Web Toolsets and Accessibility

> > <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uq6Db47-Ks>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uq6Db47-Ks

> >

> > <http://www.tenon.io>; www.tenon.io

> >
> > http://list.webaim.org/ Address

> > list messages to <mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> >
<EMAIL REMOVED>

> >

>
> http://list.webaim.org/ > messages to <mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> >
<EMAIL REMOVED>