WebAIM - Web Accessibility In Mind

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Re: Native or web?


From: joe@a11yeval.com
Date: Jan 29, 2019 8:37AM

Hi All,

Both WCAG 2.0 and WCAG 2.1 apply to and can be tested against mobile apps no
matter how they are coded (xcode, Android studio, other) or whether they are
a native app or an app that contains a webview. The only difference is in
the recommendations to fix issues that are discovered during a review
(native code vs HTML).

Web apps in safari or chrome would follow web-based recommendations for any

Joe Humbert

-----Original Message-----
From: WebAIM-Forum < <EMAIL REMOVED> > On Behalf Of
Patrick H. Lauke
Sent: Tuesday, January 29, 2019 9:35 AM
Subject: Re: [WebAIM] Native or web?

On 29/01/2019 13:37, Barry Hill wrote:
> If an app is written using html ostensibly for IOS use only, which
> guidelines would be most appropriate, WCAG 2.1 or mobile accessibility
> guidelines? I think the pertinent question is, is it a native or a web

The more pertinent question here would be: when you say it's written using
HTML, do you mean it's then packaged/cross-compiled, running inside a native
app shell with a webview, or literally loaded in Safari?
If the latter two, it's still web content shown by a web user agent (in the
case of the webview, a very cut-down one in terms of user controls, but a
user agent nonetheless). If it's cross-compiled and packaged (using
something like PhoneGap), the lines get a bit more blurred (though I believe
fundamentally it's still running inside a webview for the most part, so
still web content).

Also note that there aren't really separate/different mobile accessibility
guidelines per se. There is guidance on how to apply/interpret WCAG 2.0 (not
sure if there's a 2.1 version out yet) for mobile apps, but fundamentally
the (tech agnostic) success criteria remain the same.

Patrick H. Lauke

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