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What success criteria does empty headings violate?


From: Robert Fentress
Date: Jan 30, 2018 7:14AM

If you have an empty heading tag, which, if any, WCAG success criteria do
you feel this violates? I think it should be viewed as violating WCAG SC
2.4.6 Headings and Labels
does WAVE), since an empty heading cannot describe any "topic or
purpose" but it is, nonetheless, semantically, a heading. Some other very
knowledgable people disagree, considering this to be merely a violation of
best practice. Others may also think it violates WCAG SC 1.3.1 Information
and Relationships
as WAVE, HTML Code_Sniffer and SiteImprove), and even WCAG SC 2.4.1 Bypass
as WAVE), but those are probably more of stretch, in my opinion. What do
you think?

Rob Fentress
Senior Accessibility Solutions Designer
Assistive Technologies at Virginia Tech
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