WebAIM - Web Accessibility In Mind

E-mail List Archives

Re: What success criteria does empty headings violate?


From: Birkir R. Gunnarsson
Date: Jan 30, 2018 7:20AM

It could be argued that it violates WCAG 2.4.6 .. the text of an empty
heading is mst certainly not descriptive of topic or purpose.

It's usually not a major inconvenience to users, most assistive
technologies ignore emty headings, so I have filed it as a low
priority issue under WCAG 2.4.6.

On 1/30/18, Robert Fentress < <EMAIL REMOVED> > wrote:
> If you have an empty heading tag, which, if any, WCAG success criteria do
> you feel this violates? I think it should be viewed as violating WCAG SC
> 2.4.6 Headings and Labels
> <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-descriptive.html>
> (as
> does WAVE), since an empty heading cannot describe any "topic or
> purpose" but it is, nonetheless, semantically, a heading. Some other very
> knowledgable people disagree, considering this to be merely a violation of
> best practice. Others may also think it violates WCAG SC 1.3.1 Information
> and Relationships
> <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/content-structure-separation-programmatic.html>
> (such
> as WAVE, HTML Code_Sniffer and SiteImprove), and even WCAG SC 2.4.1 Bypass
> Blocks
> <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-skip.html>
> (such
> as WAVE), but those are probably more of stretch, in my opinion. What do
> you think?
> --
> Rob Fentress
> Senior Accessibility Solutions Designer
> Assistive Technologies at Virginia Tech
> Electronic Business Card (vCard)
> <http://search.vt.edu/search/person.vcf?person54847>
> LinkedIn Profile
> <https://www.linkedin.com/in/rob-fentress-aa0b609?trk=profile-badge>
> > > > >

Work hard. Have fun. Make history.