WebAIM - Web Accessibility In Mind

E-mail List Archives

Re: heading question


From: Duff Johnson
Date: Dec 15, 2019 2:32PM

> On Dec 14, 2019, at 18:42, Birkir R. Gunnarsson < <EMAIL REMOVED> > wrote:
> The heading levels need to correspond to the visual weight of the
> text, which of course can be subjective (what if heading text is the
> same size but one has an underline or a different color).
> Also, while levels are important I think there are sitautions where
> skipping heading levels is justified.
> For instance, if you have a book, its title is an h1, then there is a
> dedication or author's note that contains a sentence or two of text,
> then there are individual chapters and sub chapters.
> The text author's note should be a heading, but not necessary an h2,
> it does not mark a chapter in the book, an h3 or h4 is more
> appropriate and likely more in line with the visual presentation.

How would you represent semantic structures (content section headings) in an environment that uses heading levels as you've suggested?

> These are the exceptions and consecutive heading levels are good
> practice, but WCAG does not outright require them.
> In recent usability testing with a number of screen reader users I've
> found that very few use heading levels or even pay attention to them
> much to my surprise. They do look for an h1 heading, but that's about
> it.

Was this true for both HTML and PDF content?