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Re: advice on page with Non-distinguishable links

for

From: Angela French
Date: Nov 30, 2016 1:27PM


Our CMS does not support ARIA and so I am looking for ways to not have to make hand-coding exceptions.

-----Original Message-----
From: WebAIM-Forum [mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On Behalf Of Birkir R. Gunnarsson
Sent: Wednesday, November 30, 2016 12:24 PM
To: WebAIM Discussion List
Subject: Re: [WebAIM] advice on page with Non-distinguishable links

Check out the WCAG definition of "programmatically determined context"
forlink text:
http://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-refs.html#pdlinkcontextdef
It does not include headings, admittedly, but I think headings should be sufficient.
One thing you can do is to give individual headings a unique ID attribute and use aria-describedby to point to the appropriate
heading:
<h2 id="y1">1999</h2>
<a href="#" aria-describedby="y1">Enrollment</a>
<h2 id="y2">2000</h2>
<a href="#" aria-describedby="y2">Enrollment</a>
etc.



On 11/30/16, Jonathan Avila < <EMAIL REMOVED> > wrote:
>> That’s correct. SC 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) does not require
>> the link text itself to determine its purpose.
>
> The thinking behind this was that a screen reader user could keep
> their focus on the link and use other common screen reader commands to
> access other contextual information. For example, screen readers
> often provide commands to read the header, sentence, paragraph, and
> list item without requiring the user to move focus.
>
> As for the links list -- I'd consider that a feature request to screen
> reader vendors. As far as I know even if title is used JAWS will only
> display the title in the list of links if there isn't link text there
> already. Aria-label should work.
>
> Jonathan
>
> Jonathan Avila
> Chief Accessibility Officer
> SSB BART Group
> <EMAIL REMOVED>
> 703.637.8957 (Office)
> Vis Visit us online: Website | Twitter | Facebook | LinkedIn | Blog
> Don't miss Trends in Accessibility & Electronic Documents on Wed 12/7!
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> -----Original Message-----
> From: WebAIM-Forum [mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On
> Behalf Of Beranek, Nicholas
> Sent: Wednesday, November 30, 2016 2:37 PM
> To: WebAIM Discussion List
> Subject: Re: [WebAIM] advice on page with Non-distinguishable links
>
> That’s correct. SC 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) does not require
> the link text itself to determine its purpose. The AAA violation, SC
> 2.49 Link Purpose (Link Only), is what requires the link text by
> itself provide the context.
>
> I would consider it to be a Best Practice, however, to provide
> additional information, but it is not something I would penalize someone for.
>
> --
> Nick Beranek
> Digital Accessibility Team
>
>
> On 11/30/16, 2:31 PM, "WebAIM-Forum on behalf of Angela French"
> < <EMAIL REMOVED> on behalf of <EMAIL REMOVED> >
> wrote:
>
> Even though in links list mode a screen reader user wouldn't have
> that context?
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: WebAIM-Forum [mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ]
> On Behalf Of Beranek, Nicholas
> Sent: Wednesday, November 30, 2016 11:13 AM
> To: WebAIM Discussion List
> Subject: Re: [WebAIM] advice on page with Non-distinguishable
> links
>
> The column headers add that context. Therefore, the title
> attributes are unnecessary.
>
> --
> Nick Beranek
> Digital Accessibility Team
>
>
> On 11/30/16, 2:08 PM, "WebAIM-Forum on behalf of Angela French"
> < <EMAIL REMOVED> on behalf of <EMAIL REMOVED> >
> wrote:
>
> What about in a table like this?
> http://www.sbctc.edu/our-colleges/college-contact-list.aspx . Do you
> think title attributes are necessary or does the table provide adequate context?
>
> Angela French
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: WebAIM-Forum
> [mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On Behalf Of Beranek, Nicholas
> Sent: Wednesday, November 30, 2016 9:55 AM
> To: WebAIM Discussion List
> Subject: Re: [WebAIM] advice on page with Non-distinguishable
> links
>
> Hi Angela,
>
> This is assuming that you are following level AA and not AAA.
> If you have a look at SC 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context), you’ll find
> the following sufficient technique: H33: Supplementing link text with the title attribute.
> Therefore, if you add a title attribute to each link and include the
> year as its value, then it will satisfy this success criterion.
>
> Another technique that is not included as a sufficient
> technique is using the heading itself as the context for the links, or
> even the name of the region or landmark in which it’s contained. I
> would like to ask others what their thoughts are about this. If that
> is deemed sufficient, then you have already satisfied it.
>
> Nick
>
> --
> Nick Beranek
> Digital Accessibility Team
>
>
> On 11/30/16, 12:39 PM, "WebAIM-Forum on behalf of Angela French"
> < <EMAIL REMOVED> on behalf of <EMAIL REMOVED> >
> wrote:
>
> Hello,
> I'm looking for some advice on how we might be able to
> remedy the Non-distinguishable Links errors on a page I'm working on.
>
> The page consists of Year headings and underneath each
> year is a set of links to documents. These documents are titled the
> same for each
> year:
>
>
> * Introductions
>
> * Enrollments
>
> * Selected Programs
>
> * Student Progress and Success
>
> * Etc.
>
> This results in numerous link labels that are the same but
> go to different destinations. Short of adding the year to each link
> label, is there another way to handle this? Adding the year would
> seem to add unnecessary visual and aural redundancy.
>
> Thanks!
>
>
> Angela French
> Internet/Intranet Specialist
> Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges
> 360-704-4316
> <EMAIL REMOVED> <mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> >
> www.sbctc.edu<;http://www.sbctc.edu/>;
>
> > > > >
>
>
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