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Thread: Does incorrect heading use violate WCAG 2.4.6 or just 1.3.1?

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From: Robert Fentress
Date: Thu, Jan 11 2018 11:19AM
Subject: Does incorrect heading use violate WCAG 2.4.6 or just 1.3.1?
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If you are reporting conformance with WCAG success criteria, then when
content is incorrectly marked up as a heading, as when just used for
styling purposes, for instance, do you say it just violates 1.3.1 Info and
Relationships
<https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/content-structure-separation-programmatic.html>,
or do you also ding it for failing 2.4.6 Headings and Labels
<https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-descriptive.html>?
My understanding of 2.4.6 is that it is really is just addressing whether
the heading or label that is being used describes the topic or purpose, not
whether or not a heading is the right markup. Still, if the text is
incorrectly marked up as a heading then, ipso facto, that heading is not
going to really be correctly describing the topic or purpose. What do you
think?

--
Rob Fentress
Senior Accessibility Solutions Designer
Assistive Technologies at Virginia Tech
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From: Beranek, Nicholas
Date: Thu, Jan 11 2018 11:47AM
Subject: Re: Does incorrect heading use violate WCAG 2.4.6 or just1.3.1?
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My first inclination was to say 2.4.6 because if heading elements are used for styling purposes, then it would follow that the heading does not describe topic or purpose. However, there is a specific failure for 1.3.1 Info and Relationships about this very topic. It states:

"The objective of this technique is to describe a failure that occurs when structural markup is used to achieve a presentational effect, but indicates relationships that do not exist in the content."

The following is a link that to that failure: https://www.w3.org/TR/2016/NOTE-WCAG20-TECHS-20161007/F43

Nick Beranek
Capital One

-----Original Message-----
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Subject: [WebAIM] Does incorrect heading use violate WCAG 2.4.6 or just 1.3.1?

If you are reporting conformance with WCAG success criteria, then when content is incorrectly marked up as a heading, as when just used for styling purposes, for instance, do you say it just violates 1.3.1 Info and Relationships <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/content-structure-separation-programmatic.html>,
or do you also ding it for failing 2.4.6 Headings and Labels <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-descriptive.html>?
My understanding of 2.4.6 is that it is really is just addressing whether the heading or label that is being used describes the topic or purpose, not whether or not a heading is the right markup. Still, if the text is incorrectly marked up as a heading then, ipso facto, that heading is not going to really be correctly describing the topic or purpose. What do you think?

--
Rob Fentress
Senior Accessibility Solutions Designer
Assistive Technologies at Virginia Tech
Electronic Business Card (vCard)
<http://search.vt.edu/search/person.vcf?person54847>
LinkedIn Profile
<https://www.linkedin.com/in/rob-fentress-aa0b609?trk=profile-badge>
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From: Patrick H. Lauke
Date: Thu, Jan 11 2018 12:52PM
Subject: Re: Does incorrect heading use violate WCAG 2.4.6 or just 1.3.1?
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On 11/01/2018 18:19, Robert Fentress wrote:
> If you are reporting conformance with WCAG success criteria, then when
> content is incorrectly marked up as a heading, as when just used for
> styling purposes, for instance, do you say it just violates 1.3.1 Info and
> Relationships
> <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/content-structure-separation-programmatic.html>,
> or do you also ding it for failing 2.4.6 Headings and Labels
> <https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/navigation-mechanisms-descriptive.html>?
> My understanding of 2.4.6 is that it is really is just addressing whether
> the heading or label that is being used describes the topic or purpose, not
> whether or not a heading is the right markup. Still, if the text is
> incorrectly marked up as a heading then, ipso facto, that heading is not
> going to really be correctly describing the topic or purpose. What do you
> think?
>

1.3.1, as 2.4.6 isn't about the underlying structure/markup per se, but
about the text used for headings/labels.

P
--
Patrick H. Lauke

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