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Re: Heading order

for

From: Jonathan Avila
Date: Sep 29, 2015 11:32AM


> We have encountered several instances of improper heading order (e.g. an <h4> above an <h3>), but we can't seem to find a firm agreement as to a) whether

The deciding factor is whether the missing or incorrect order correctly communicates information and relationships that are communicated visually. So, an h2 used with a navigation bar used before the main h1 of a page would not in my opinion fail WCAG. However, if an h4 was used before an h3 but visually communicated that it was a lesser importance or lower in the structure than that would be a failure.

Best Regards,

Jonathan

-- 
Jonathan Avila 
Chief Accessibility Officer
SSB BART Group 
<EMAIL REMOVED>
Phone 703.637.8957  
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-----Original Message-----
From: WebAIM-Forum [mailto: <EMAIL REMOVED> ] On Behalf Of Schafer, Carmen
Sent: Tuesday, September 29, 2015 1:13 PM
To: <EMAIL REMOVED>
Subject: [WebAIM] Heading order

Dear Colleagues:
We perform accessibility testing on a variety of websites and applications, and hope to get some feedback on how others handle a common accessibility concern, improper heading order.

We have encountered several instances of improper heading order (e.g. an <h4> above an <h3>), but we can't seem to find a firm agreement as to a) whether improper heading order should be cited as an accessibility concern or usability/design concern or b) which, if any, of the WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria covers improper heading order. We have read articles and attended webinars with conflicting information, but we know it can be an issue, particularly for screen reader users who navigate by headings.

Would anyone be willing to weigh in and possibly give us a definitive answer so we make sure we have the fullest possible understanding of this issue and pass it on to developers and others.

Thank you for your time and assistance.

Carmen Schafer
User Support Analyst, ACT Center
Division of IT, University of Missouri